#Contributed equally,  *Corresponding author










Liu, B.*; Chen, C.; Zhao, P.; Li, T.; Liu, C.; Wang, Q.; Chen, Y.; Crittenden, J.,
Thin-film composite forward osmosis membranes with substrate layer composed of polysulfone blended with PEG or polysulfone grafted PEG methyl ether methacrylate.

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2016, 10 (4), 562-574
DOI: 10.1007/s11705-016-1588-9

Chen, C.; Tang, L.; Liu, B.; Zhang, X.; Crittenden, J.; Chen, K. L.; Chen, Y.*,
Forming mechanism study of unique pillar-like and defect-free PVDF ultrafiltration membranes with high flux.

Journal of Membrane Science 2015, 487 (0), 1-11.
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2015.03.075

Chang, H.; Qu, F.; Liu, B.; Yu, H.; Li, K.; Shao, S.; Li, G.; Liang, H.,
Hydraulic irreversibility of ultrafiltration membrane fouling by humic acid: Effects of membrane properties and backwash water composition.

Journal of Membrane Science 2015, 493, 723-733.

DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2015.07.001

Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Luo, W.; Li, G.,
Fouling mechanisms in the early stage of an enhanced coagulation-ultrafiltration process.

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2015, 9 (1), 73-83.
DOI: 10.1007/s11783-014-0692-7

Liu, J.; Liu, B.*; Liu, T.; Bai, Y.; Yu, S.,
Coagulation-bubbling-ultrafiltration: Effect of floc properties on the performance of the hybrid process.

Desalination 2014, 333 (1), 126-133.
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2013.11.029

Liu, B.; Chen, C.; Li, T.; Crittenden, J.; Chen, Y.,
High performance ultrafiltration membrane composed of PVDF blended with its derivative copolymer PVDF-g-PEGMA.

Journal of Membrane Science 2013, 445, 66-75.
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2013.05.043

Liu, B.; Chen, C.; Zhang, W.; Crittenden, J.; Chen, Y.,
Low-cost antifouling PVC ultrafiltration membrane fabrication with Pluronic F 127: Effect of additives on properties and performance.

Desalination 2012, 307, 26-33.
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2012.07.036

Liu, B.; Ma, J.; Luo, L.; Bai, Y.; Wang, S.; Zhang, J.,
Two-Dimensional LDV Measurement, Modeling, and Optimal Design of Rectangular Primary Settling Tanks.

Journal of Environmental Engineering-ASCE 2010, 136 (5), 501-507.
DOI: 10.1061/(asce)ee.1943-7870.0000186

Wang, S.; Ma, J.; Liu, B.; Jiang, Y.; Zhang, H.,
Degradation characteristics of secondary effluent of domestic wastewater by combined process of ozonation and biofiltration.

Journal of Hazardous Materials 2008, 150 (1), 109-114.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.04.092

Liu, B.; Ma, J.; Huang, S.; Chen, D.; Chen, W.,
Two-dimensional numerical simulation of primary settling tanks by hybrid finite analytic method.

Journal of Environmental Engineering-ASCE 2008, 134 (4), 273-282.
DOI: 10.1061/(asce)0733-9372(2008)134:4(273)

Wu, H.; Li, T.; Liu, B.*; Chen, C.; Wang, S.; Crittenden, J. C.,
Blended PVC/PVC-g-PEGMA ultrafiltration membranes with enhanced performance and antifouling properties.

Applied Surface Science 2018, 455, 987-996.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.06.056

Guo, C.#; Chang, H.#; Liu, B.*; He, Q.; Xiong, B.; Kumar, M.; Zydney, A. L.,

A combined ultrafiltration-reverse osmosis process for external reuse of Weiyuan shale gas flowback and produced water.

Environmental Science-Water Research & Technology 2018, 4 (7), 942-955. (Front Cover)
DOI: 10.1039/c8ew00036k

Wang, S.; Li, T.; Chen, C.; Chen, S.; Liu, B.*; Crittenden, J.,
Non-woven PET fabric reinforced and enhanced the performance of ultrafiltration membranes composed of PVDF blended with PVDF-g-PEGMA for industrial applications.

Applied Surface Science 2018, 435, 1072-1079.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.11.193

Liu, B.*; Wang, S.; Zhao, P.; Liang, H.; Zhang, W.; Crittenden, J.,
High-performance polyamide thin-film composite nanofiltration membrane: Role of thermal treatment.

Applied Surface Science 2018, 435, 415-423.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.11.126

Wang, S.; Li, T.; Chen, C.; Liu, B.*; Crittenden, J. C.,
PVDF ultrafiltration membranes of controlled performance via blending PVDF-g-PEGMA copolymer synthesized under different reaction times.

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2018, 12, 2(1-12).
DOI: 10.1007/s11783-017-0980-0

Guo, C.; Liu, B.*; Chen, C.; Chang, H.; Wang, S.; He, M.; Crittenden, J.,
Development of an efficient approach for separating bubbles and flocs in a submerged membrane ultrafiltration process.

Water Science and Technology-Water Supply 2018, 18 (3), 808-818.
DOI: 10.2166/ws.2017.153

Yang, B.; Yang, X.; Liu, B.*; Chen, Z.*; Chen, C.; Liang, S.; Chu, L.-Y.; Crittenden, J.,
PVDF blended PVDF-g-PMAA pH-responsive membrane: Effect of additives and solvents on membrane properties and performance.

Journal of Membrane Science 2017, 541, 558-566.
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2017.07.045

He, M.; Chen, C.; Guo, C.; Wang, S.; Chang, H.; Liu, B.*,
Optimization of aeration conditions in the hybrid process of coagulation-ultrafiltration with air sparging.

Journal of Water Supply Research and Technology-Aqua 2017, 66 (8), 632-640.
DOI: 10.2166/aqua.2017.077

Chang, H.; Liu, T.; He, Q.; Li, D.; Crittenden, J.; Liu, B.*,
Removal of calcium and magnesium ions from shale gas flowback water by chemically activated zeolite.

Water Science and Technology 2017, 76 (3), 575-583.

DOI: 10.2166/wst.2017.237

Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Liang, H.*; Yu, H.; Shao, S.; Li, G.,
Effect of filtration mode and backwash water on hydraulically irreversible fouling of ultrafiltration membrane.

Chemosphere 2017, 179, 254-264.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.03.122

Chang, H.; Liang, H.*; Qu, F.; Liu, B.; Yu, H.; Du, X.; Li, G.; Snyder, S. A.*,
Hydraulic backwashing for low-pressure membranes in drinking water treatment: A review.

Journal of Membrane Science 2017, 540, 362-380.
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2017.06.077

Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Crittenden, J.; Vidic, R.,  

Resource Recovery and Reuse for Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater in Unconventional Shale Gas and Oil Extraction

Environmental Science & Technology. 2019, 53, 13547-13548.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b06240

Xie, W.; Li, T.; Chen, C.; Wu, H.; Liang, S.; Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Drioli, E.; Wang, Q.; Crittenden, J. C., 
Using the Green Solvent Dimethyl Sulfoxide To Replace Traditional Solvents Partly and Fabricating PVC/PVC‐g‐PEGMA Blended Ultrafiltration Membranes with High Permeability and Rejection

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2019, 58, 6413-6423.(Front Cover)
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00370

Shang, W.; Tiraferri, A.; He, Q.; Li, N.; Chang, H.; Liu, C.; Liu, B.*,

Reuse of shale gas flowback and produced water: Effects of coagulation and adsorption on ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis combined process.

Science of the Total Environment. 2019, 689, 47-56.


Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Wang, H.; Zhang, S.-Y.; Chen, S.; Tiraferri, A.; Tang, Y.-Q.,

Evaluating the performance of gravity-driven membrane filtration as desalination

pretreatment of shale gas flowback and produced water.

Journal of Membrane Science. 2019, 587, 117187.

Chang, H.; Li, T.; Liu, B.*; Chen, C.; He, Q.; Crittenden, J. C.,

Smart ultrafiltration membrane fouling control as desalination pretreatment of shale gas fracturing wastewater: The effects of backwash water.

Environment International. 2019, 130, 104869. (Open Access)

Hu, F.; Yan, B.; Sun, G.; Xu, J.; Gu, Y.; Lin, S.; Zhang, S.; Liu, B.; Chen, S.*, 
Conductive Polymer Nanotubes for Electrochromic Applications.

ACS Applied Nano Materials. 2019, 2, 3154-3160.

DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.9b00472

Wu, Q.; Tiraferri, A.; Wu, H.; Xie, W.; Liu, B.*, 

Improving the Performance of PVDF/PVDF‑g‑PEGMA Ultrafiltration Membranes by Partial Solvent Substitution with Green Solvent Dimethyl Sulfoxide during Fabrication

ACS Omega. 2019, 4, 19799-19807. (Front Cover, Open Access)

DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.9b02674

Wu, Q.; Xie, W.; Wu, H.; Wang, L.*; Liang, S.; Chang, H.; Liu, B.*,

Effect of volatile solvent and evaporation time on formation and performance of PVC/PVC-g-PEGMA blended membranes

RSC Advances. 2019, 9, 34486. (Open Access)

DOI: 10.1039/c9ra05454e

Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Yang, P.; Wang, Q.; Li, K.; Li, G.; Liang, H.*,
Salt backwashing of organic-fouled ultrafiltration membranes: Effects of feed water properties and hydrodynamic conditions.

Journal of Water Process Engineering 2019,30,100429.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.06.012

He, M.; Liu, Z.; Li, T.; Chen, C.; Liu, B.*; Crittenden, J. C.,
Effect of adding a smart potassium ion-responsive copolymer into polysulfone support membrane on the performance of thin-film composite nanofiltration membrane.

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2019, 13(2), 400-414.
DOI: 10.1007/s11705-018-1757-0

Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Yang, B.; Yang, X.; Guo, C.; He, Q.; Liang, S.; Chen, S.; Yang, P.,
An integrated coagulation-ultrafiltration-nanofiltration process for internal reuse of shale gas flowback and produced water.

Separation and Purification Technology 2019, 211, 310-321.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.09.081

Zhao, P.; Bai, Y.; Liu, B.*; Chang, H.; Cao, Y.; Fang, J.,
Process optimization for producing ultrapure water with high resistivity and low total organic carbon.

Process Safety and Environmental Protection 2019, 126, 232-241.

Chang, H.; Li, T.; Liu, B.*; Vidic, R. D.; Elimelech, M.; Crittenden, J. C., 
Potential and implemented membrane-based technologies for the treatment and reuse of flowback and produced water from shale gas and oil plays: A review.

Desalination 2019, 455, 34-57.
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.001

Wu, Q.; Tiraferri, A.; Li, T.; Xie, W.; Chang, H.; Bai, Y.; Liu, B.*,

Super-Wettable PVDF/PVDF-g-PEGMA Ultrafiltration Membranes 

ACS Omega. 2020, 5, (36), 23450-23459. (Open Access)

Shang, W.; Liu, Y.; He, Q.; Liu, S.; Zhu, Y.; Tong, T.; Liu, B.*,

Efficient adsorption of organic matters and ions by porous biochar aerogel as pre-treatment of ultrafiltration for shale gas wastewater reuse

Chemical Engineering Journal Advances. 2020, 2, 100011.(Open Access)

Tian, L.#; Chang, H.#; Tang, P.; Li, T.; Zhang, X.; Liu, S.; He, Q.; Wang, T.; Yang, J.; Bai, Y.; Vidic, R.; Crittenden, J.; Liu, B.*,

Rare Earth Elements Occurrence and Economical Recovery Strategy from Shale Gas Wastewater in the Sichuan Basin, China

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 2020, 8, 11914-11920 (Front Cover).

Chang, H.; Liu, S.; Tong, T.; He, Q.; Crittenden, J. C.; Vidic, R.D.; Liu, B.*,

On-site Treatment of Shale Gas Flowback and Produced Water in Sichuan Basin by Fertilizer Drawn Forward Osmosis for Irrigation.

Environmental Science & Technology. 2020, 54, (17), 10926-10935. (Front Cover).

Tang, P.; Liu, B.*; Zhang, Y.*; Chang, H.; Zhou, P.; Feng, M.; Sharma, V. K.,

Sustainable reuse of shale gas wastewater by pre-ozonation with ultrafiltration-reverse osmosis.

Chemical Engineering Journal. 2020, 392, 123743.

Xie, W.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*; Tang, P.; Wang, F.; Chen, S.; Figoli, A.; Chu, L.-Y.,  

First Exploration on Poly (vinyl chloride) Ultrafiltration Membrane Prepared by Using the Sustainable Green Solvent PolarClean.

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 2020, 8, 91-101 (Front Cover).

DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b04287

Li, J.#; Chang, H.#; Tang, P.; Shang, W.; He, Q.; Liu, B.*

Effects of membrane property and hydrostatic pressure on the performance of gravity-driven membrane for shale gas flowback and produced water treatment.

Journal of Water Process Engineering. 2020, 33, 101117.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.101117

He, M.; Li, T.; Hu, M.; Chen, C.; Liu, B.*; Crittenden, J.; Chu, L.-Y.; Ng, H.Y.,

Performance improvement for thin-film composite nanofiltration membranes prepared on PSf/PSf-g-PEG blended substrates.

Separation and Purification Technology. 2020, 230, 115855.


Xie, W.; Tang, P.; Wu, Q.; Chen, C.; Song, Z.; Li, T.; Bai, Y.; Lin, S.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*,
Solar-driven desalination and resource recovery of shale gas wastewater by on-site interfacial evaporation
Chemical Engineering Journal. 2022, 428, 132624.

Liu, X.; Tang, P.; Liu, Y.; Xie, W.; Chen, C.; Li, T.; He, Q.; Bao, J.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*,
Efficient removal of organic compounds from shale gas wastewater by coupled ozonation and moving-bed-biofilm submerged membrane bioreactor
Bioresource Technology. 2022, 344, 126191.

Tang, P.; Liu, B.*; Xie, W.; Wang, P.; He, Q.; Bao, J.; Zhang, Y.*; Zhang, Z.; Li, J.; Ma, J.,
Synergistic mechanism of combined ferrate and ultrafiltration process for shale gas wastewater treatment
Journal of Membrane Science. 2022, 641, 119921.



Liu, Y.; Wu, Q.; Chen, C.; Li, T.; Liu, S.; He, Q.; Yang, P.*; Bai, Y.; Liu, B.*,
An efficient system of aerogel adsorbent combined with membranes for reuse of shale gas wastewater
Desalination. 2022, 526, 115545.

Zhao, Y.; Yang, Q.; Yan, B.; Liu, B.; Gu, Y.; Lin, Y.; Shang, J.; Liu, W.; Chen, S.*; Lan, J.*,
Aminated Polyacrylonitrile Nanofiber Membranes for Removal of Organic Dyes
ACS Applied Nano Materials. 2022, 5, (1), 1131-1140..

Wei, X.*; Capezza, A.J.; Cui, Y.; Hakonen, A.; Liu, B.; Hedenqvist, M.S.*,
Millions of microplastics released from a biodegradable polymer during biodegradation/enzymatic hydrolysis
Water Research. 2022, 211, 118068.

Luo, J.*; Maier, R.M.; Yu, D.; Liu, B.; Zhu, N.; Amy, G.L.; Crittenden, J.C.,
Double-network Hydrogel: A Potential Practical Adsorbent for Critical Metals Extraction and Recovery from Water
Environmental Science & Technology. 2022, In Press.

Li, Y.; Jiao, J.; Wu, Q.; Song, S.; Xie, W.; Liu, B.*,
Environmental applications of graphene oxide composite membranes
Chinese Chemical Letters. In Press.

Tang, P.; Shi, M.; Li, X.; Zhang, Y.; Lin, D.; Li, T.*; Zhang, W.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*,
Can pre-ozonation be combined with gravity-driven membrane filtration to treat shale gas wastewater?
Science of the Total Environment. 2021, 797, 149181. 

Hu, M.; Wu, Q.; Chen, C.; Liang, S.; Liu, Y.; Bai, Y.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*,
Facile preparation of antifouling nanofiltration membrane by grafting zwitterions for reuse of shale gas wastewater 
Separation and Purification Technology. 2021, 276, 119310. 

Tang, P.; Xie, W.; Tiraferri, A.; Zhang, Y.; Zhu, J.; Li, J.; Lin, D.; Crittenden, J.; Liu, B.*,

Organics removal from shale gas wastewater by pre-oxidation combined with biologically active filtration 

Water Research. 2021,196, 117041.

Liu, Y.; Tang, P.; Zhu, Y.; Xie, W.; Yang, P.*; Zhang, Z.; Liu, B.*,

Green aerogel adsorbent for removal of organic compounds in shale gas wastewater: High-performance tuning and adsorption mechanism 

Chemical Engineering Journal. 2021, 416, 129100.

Xie, W.; Tiraferri, A.; Ji, X.; Chen, C.; Bai, Y.; Crittenden, J.; Liu, B.*,

Green and sustainable method of manufacturing anti-fouling zwitterionic polymers-modified poly(vinyl chloride) ultrafiltration membranes

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science2021, 591, 343-351. 


Sun, Y.; Wu, M.; Tong, T.; Liu, P.; Tang, P.; Gan, Z.; Yang, P.*; He, Q.; Liu, B.*,

Organic compounds in Weiyuan shale gas produced water: Identification, detection and rejection by ultrafiltration-reverse osmosis processes

Chemical Engineering Journal. 2021, 412, 128699.


Chang, H.; Liu, B.*; Zhang, Z.; Pawar, R.; Yan, Z.; Crittenden, J.; Vidic, R*,
A Critical Review of Membrane Wettability in Membrane Distillation from the Perspective of Interfacial Interactions
Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55, 3, 1395–1418. (Front Cover).

Tang, P.; Li, J.; Li, T.; Tian, L.; Sun, Y.; Xie, W.; He, Q.; Chang, H.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*,

Efficient integrated module of gravity driven membrane filtration, solar aeration and GAC adsorption for pretreatment of shale gas wastewater 

Journal of Hazardous Materials2021, 405, 124166.

Peng, H.#; Yan, B.#; Jiang, M.; Liu, B.;Gu, Y.; Yao, G.; Zhang, Y.; Ye, L.; Bai, X.; Chen, S.*,

Coral-like Polyaniline/Barium Titanate Nanocomposite Electrode with Double Electric Polarization for Electrochromic Energy Storage Applications

Journal of Materials Chemistry A2021, 9 (3), 1669-1677.

DOI: 10.1039/D0TA08263E.

Novichkova, A.; Shang, W.; Yang, Y.; Qiao, X.; Tang, Y.; Liu, B.*,

Effect of Ultrafiltration - Reverse Osmosis Treated Shale Gas Wastewater on Seed Germination and Plant Growth

Energy & Fuels2021, 35 (2), 1629-1637.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.0c03355

Xie, W.; Li, T.; Tiraferri, A.; Drioli, E.; Figoli, A.; Crittenden, J.; Liu, B.*,

Toward the Next Generation of Sustainable Membranes from Green Chemistry Principles

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering2021, 9 (1), 50-75.(Front Cover)

DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c07119

Tang, P.; Xie, W.; Tian, L.; Tan, B.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, Z.*; Chen, C.; Zhang, W.; Liu, B.*,
Oxidation-biotreatment-membrane combined process for external reuse of shale gas wastewater
Separation and Purification Technology. 2022, 120920.

Liang, J.#; Xie, T.#; Liu, Y.; Wu, Q.; Bai, Y.; Liu, B.*,
Granular activated carbon (GAC) fixed bed adsorption combined with ultrafiltration for shale gas wastewater internal reuse
Environmental Research.  2022, 113486.

Song, Z.; Tiraferri, A.; Yuan, R.; Cao, J.; Tang, P.; Xie, W.; Crittenden, J.C.; Liu, B.*,
Theoretical evaluation of the evaporation rate of 2D solar-driven interfacial evaporation and of its large-scale application potential
Desalination.  2022, 537, 115891.

Xie, W.; Tian, L.; Tang, P.; Cui, J.; Wang, T.; Zhu, Y.; Bai, Y.; Tiraferri, A.; Crittenden, J.C.; Liu, B.*,
Shale gas wastewater characterization: comprehensive detection, evaluation of valuable metals, and environmental risks of heavy metals and radionuclides
Water Research.  2022, 118703.

Tian, L.; Liu, Y.; Tang, P.; Yang, Y.; Wang, X.; Chen, T.; Bai, Y.; Tiraferri, A.; Liu, B.*,
Lithium Extraction from Shale Gas Flowback and Produced Water Using H1.33Mn1.67O4 Adsorbent
Resources, Conservation and Recycling.  2022, 185, 106476.

Yang, Y.; Tian, L.; Borch, T.; Tariq, H.; Li, T.*; Bai, Y.; Su, Y.; Tiraferri, A.; Crittenden, J.; Liu, B.*,
Safety and Technical Feasibility of Sustainable Reuse of Shale Gas Flowback and Produced Water after Advanced Treatment Aimed at Wheat Irrigation
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.  2022, 10, (38), 12540-12551. 
(Front Cover).

Zhou, G.; Wu, Q.; Tang, P.; Chen, C.; Cheng, X.; Wei, X.; Ma, J.; Liu, B.*,
How Many Microplastics Do We Ingest When Using Disposable Drink Cups?
Journal of Hazardous Materials.  2023, 441, 129982.

Xie, W.; Chen, G.; Chen, C.; Song, Z.; Wu, Q.; Tian, L.; Dai, Z.; Liang, S.; Tang, P.; Zhang, X.; Ma, J.; Liu, B.*,
Polydopamine/ polyethyleneimine/ MOF ternary-coated poly (vinyl chloride) nanocomposite membranes based on green solvent for shale gas wastewater treatment 
Journal of Membrane Science. 2023, 665, 121100.

Wang, X.; Liu, Y.; Li, M.; Song, H.; Huang, X.; Gao, Z.; Zhang, J.; Cui, C.; Liu, B.; Ma, J.; Wang, L.*, 
Occurrence of Iodophenols in Aquatic Environments and the Deiodination of Organic Iodine with Ferrate(VI)
Environmental Science & Technology 2022, 56, (22), 16104-16114.